Category: Roading

How to drive well: tips to improve driving

One of the main aspects, if you want to put into practice a less expensive driving, concerns the dosage of braking. While driving, when traveling a stretch of road at a constant pace, the weight of the vehicle is perfectly balanced between the front and rear, a situation that minimizes fuel consumption. Obviously, in order to reduce fuel consumption, an adequate number of revolutions must also be maintained, between 1,800 and 2,800 revolutions per minute.

This allows the engine to be used in optimal conditions, as the car needs a limited amount of fuel to propel it forward. However, when you intervene on the brakes, the weight distribution of the machine changes, causing the center of gravity to move forward or backward. By loading the front or rear, it is necessary to use all the engine power to control the car by counteracting the natural tendency of the vehicle to follow the point with the greatest grip.

Thanks to a correct driving style. To do this, just consider the curves in advance, avoiding entering at too high a speed, simply releasing the accelerator to reach a suitable pace, making the curve safely without aggressive braking. avoiding sudden and sudden accelerations, waiting for all four tires to have reached full grip on the road again, before opening the throttle again.

It must be considered that cars, every time you brake, consume a lot of energy to slow down the vehicle, so it is useful to maintain a correct safety distance, limiting the occasions when you have to intervene vigorously on the brakes.

In addition, a more sedate driving style must be maintained, especially in the city, trying to dose the accelerator and brake gently, a behavior that can save up to 10% on petrol consumption, a considerable sum if we estimate an average distance of 20,000 km. the year.

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DO NOT CREATE DANGER or TRAFFICKING

In Italy (as in 90% of the countries of the world) people drive on the right. But driving on the right can mean everything and nothing; the problem is to understand how far to the right you need to be. The fundamental rule is, also in this case, DO NOT CREATE DANGER or TRAFFICKING to others. We therefore make a distinction between driving as close as possible to the white margin strip, so stick to the roadside, and driving on the right without having this obligation.

In all other cases, the code recommends staying in the rightmost lane without particular restrictions. We point out that this rule was valid (even if it was expressed in a rather confusing way) and it is valid on the motorway and in general on all multi-lane roads, where we are obliged to ALWAYS stay on the right, even if we drive a car at 130 km / h . With the new highway code in particular, reference is made to this situation: whoever drives on the second lane, with the first free, is punishable by a cash fine and by the deduction of 4 points from the driving license (Article 143 CDS).

However, there are cases in which it is inadvisable if not forbidden to stay all right and these are in particular:

  1. in the presence of the “soft bank” warning sign, ie problems on the right side of the road;
  2. in the event of an icy road, where it is dangerous to stay too close to the edge because in the event of a skid you can easily get off the road
  3. in case of snow e
  4. in case of strong wind for the same reason;
  5. in case of a left turn, in which case we are obliged to stay as far to the left as possible; if we are on a one-way street, therefore, we must move to the left edge of the road, if instead we are on a two-way street, we must take you as close as possible to the white line.

From these rules follow those concerning the turning point; we distinguish the right turn from the left one. The right turn must be made, clearly after having signaled the maneuver and having respected all the precedence rules, staying as close as possible to the right edge of the road; the left turn, on the other hand, is a little more complex: it is necessary to start from the point furthest to the left possible, pass near the center of the road, leaving it to our right (we pass in front of it in practice) without cutting the road to those coming from the road in which we are entering. In some situations, given the complexity of the maneuver, reference can be made to the specific horizontal signs: just follow the white dotted stripes with the left wheels. Precisely because of the difficulty of the maneuver, roundabout intersections are being created much more often in which the rules are similar except for the fact of going around the center of the obstacle rather than passing it; in parentheses it has been shown that roundabouts are inherently less dangerous than classic intersections as they offer “only” 8 meeting points between vehicles compared to 24 at similar intersections.

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